An archive of Mark's Fall 2017 Intro Stat course.

# My Statlab HW 3, problem 3D

audrey

My version of problem 3 in the online MyStatLab HW (I heard that everyone’s is a little different) states:

The cholesterol levels of an adult can be described by a normal model with a mean of 195 mg/dL and a standard deviation of 26 mg/dL.

Part d) Estimate the interquartile range of cholesterol levels.

I guess I don’t see how to go from the mean and standard deviation to the interquartile range?

mark

There are a couple of approaches to this problem - you can use R or you can translate from the standard normal.

### Solution 1 (using R)

As we learned in our lab the other day, the qnorm command can be used to compute quantiles. For example, qnorm(0) should return 0.5, since 50\% of the area under the standard normal curve is to the left of zero and 50\% is to the right of zero. If we’d like to compute the interquartile range for the standard normal distribution, we could do:

qnorm(0.75)-qnorm(0.25)

# Out: 1.34898


To find the IQR for the given distribution, we could simply specify the mean and standard deviation that we need for the problem:

qnorm(0.75, 195, 26)-qnorm(0.25, 195, 26)

# Out: 35.07347


It’s worth pointing out that there are other formulae that work for these computations and that they’re generally pretty easy to find, if you understand the symmetry of the normal distribution. For example, since the standard normal is symmetric about the origin, should find that

qnorm(0.75) == -qnorm(0.25)


So that another way to do that first computation is as 2*qnorm(0.75). This symmetry is illustrated in the following picture:

### Solution 2 (using tables)

An alternative approach starts from the fact that the IQR for the standard normal distribution is 1.35 . Thus, the IQR for an alternative normal distribution with a standard deviation of s is simply 1.35s . For my problem, where the standard deviation was 26 , the IQR should be

1.35 \times 26 = 35.1,

in agreement with the R computation.

Of course, for this to work, you’ve got to know that the IQR of the standard normal is 1.35 and, in fact, it’s a good idea to know the standard normal well because it translates so easily to other normal distributions. If you don’t know this fact, though, you can look it in a standard table; the relevant values are shown in the table below.